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Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary Tract Infection – Symptoms, Risk Factors and Prevention

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection which can happen in any part of urinary system – kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Women are more prone than men to get infected form UTI.


Symptoms of infection in upper urinary tract (kidney and ureters) are different from symptoms of infection in the lower urinary tract (bladder and urethra), however, in some cases they can overlap.

Following are the common symptoms to identify lower UTI

  • Burning sensation when you urinate
  • Frequent urge for urination
  • Strong or intense urge to urinate
  • Cloudy, dark or bloody urine
  • Strange or strong smelly urine
  • Pelvic pain (in women)

Symptoms of upper urinary tract include

  • High temperature(fever) of 38 C (100.4F)or above
  • Shivering
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain in groin or lower back

 Risk factors for UTI include

  • Female Anatomy
  • Sexually active women
  • Menopause
  • Urinary tract abnormalities
  • Blockage in urinary tract
  • A suppressed immune system
  • Use of catheter
  • Recent urinary TRACT surgery or examination

Detection and Treatment

If you suspect that you might have UTI, you should consult a doctor who might ask you to have a simple urine test to check if your urine has bacteria which causes UTI. For treating UTI you might have to take a course of antibiotics prescribed by your doctor, it is suggested to complete the complete course of the medicine even if you have started feeling better. Drinking a lot of water also helps in getting the bacteria flushed of.

UTI Preventive Measures

A lot of preventive measures can be taken to reduce the risk of your getting infected with UTI, below mentioned are a few: –

  • Drinking plenty of fluid (especially water).
  • Choose showers over baths.
  • Avoid use of feminine products in genital areas (deodorants, powders etc.).
  • Passing urine after intercourse.
  • Change in birth control methods (like diaphragms, unlubricated condoms etc.)
  • Keeping your genital area dry by wearing cotton panties and loose clothes.
  • Wipe from front to back.
  • Empty your bladder when you feel need to do it.

Speak with expert gynaecologist, Dr. Deepika Aggarwal, Consultant – Obstetrics & Gynaecology at the CK Birla Hospital for Women in Gurgaon to learn more about the treatment and preventive measures for UTI. Book your appointment today!

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Author: Dr Deepika Agarwal
Dr Deepika Agarwal qualified in obstetrics and gynaecology from Maulana Azad Medical College and MRCOG and CCT from London. She has been awarded FRCOG (UK), the most prestigious RCOG (London) award to the speciality over the last 12 years.