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Piles Treatment

Piles and Fissures – Know the difference

A common joke to describe people with unhappy faces – why do you look constipated? Though a lighthearted joke – it can have very unpleasant health related reasons as well, called Piles or Haemorrhoids and Fissures. Piles, Fissures and Haemorrhoids are lifestyle diseases which can cause great discomfort for the person affected by these.

Piles or haemorrhoids: Get yourself diagnosed in a better way

Hemorrhoids are a cluster of swollen and inflamed veins in the lowest most part of the rectum. Bleeding after a bowel movement or bloody stools is the only symptom. These may be internal and can protrude through the anus. Piles or haemorrhoids are enlargement of the anal cushions at the end of the rectum. This often causes bleeding along with pain, associated with some mucus discharge, burning sensation and itching.

External hemorrhoids develop in the skin which surrounds the anus. Thrombosis – blood clots, causing bleeding, swelling and a hard lump around the anus. When the clots resolve the extra skin is left behind can become itchy. Rubbing and cleaning around the area of the anus worsens these symptoms.

Piles and Hemorrhoids are caused due to chronic constipation which causes blood to pool. The possible causes of hemorrhoids are low-fiber diets, obesity, aging, pregnancy, increased intra-abdominal pressure and even lifestyle such as alcohol, de-hydration. A physical examination, digital rectal examination, and or anoscopy is done to diagnose the symptoms of Hemorrhoids.

The good news is that Hemorrhoids can be easily be treated by home remedies, change is food habits and a few lifestyle changes. Softening of the stool makes it easier to eliminate the feces without straining. Regular exercise, staying hydrated by consuming water, natural fruits juice is highly recommended to lead a healthy life.

Anal Fissure

Anal fissures which is an oval-shaped tear in the skin around the anus. Severe pain and discomfort are the main characteristics of anal fissures. Fissures are caused due to anal trauma – pregnancy or surgery, high resting anal pressure, local ischemia for example.

Anal fissures are most common in infants and less common in school going children. Even adults experience these symptoms. The causes are due to hard stool o diarrhea for extended periods. It takes 1-2 weeks for most fissures to heal.

In infants – changing diapers often and keeping the area clean can prevent and treat the symptoms. Balanced Diet, intake of fiber and fluids can internally help to alleviate the symptoms and external application of creams and ointment sooth the area.

For anal fissures a simple physical examination is enough in most cases. Endoscopy or digital rectal examination can be done only if the patient is free of pain.

Acute and Chronic fissures are more difficult to treat. Medical help must be sought if the fissures do not heal with changes in diet and lifestyle. Injecting Botox or Surgical option of sphincter can relax the patient and allows the healing.

Visit Dr. Gaurav Bansal, best laparoscopic surgeon in Gurgaon at the CK Birla Hospital for Women in case you are seeking help. Book your appointment today.